There were also pews for a band and choir. BYU Studies 41 no. This was done to support landings and other support structures. Resembling the pulpits used in the Kirtland Temple, and repeated in later temples, they were arranged with four levels, the top three consisting of a group of three semi-circular stands. There may have been some kind of tank at the eastern end of the baptistry to store and heat water.[9]. James J. Strang, leader of the Strangite faction of Latter Day Saints, accused Young's agents of setting fire to the temple. The lower, face portion was carved from one piece of limestone, and the trumpets from another. [9], Entrance to the first floor assembly hall, called the "Great Hall", was through two large double doors at the east end of the vestibule. This made the room about seventeen feet longer. A 41-foot-long (12 m) stone arch ran north and south between the circular stairwells supporting the massive timbers for the tower above. Above each sun are two hands holding trumpets, heralding the dawning of the gospel in this dispensation. your own Pins on Pinterest A sunstone served as the capital, or head, of each pilaster. It is little wonder, then, that sunstones were featured prominently on the Nauvoo Temple. Above each sun are two hands holding trumpets, heralding the dawning of the gospel in this dispensation. The room, when used for an occasional meeting, was furnished with wooden benches. Eight-sided forms were felt to mediate between the symbolism of the square, representing earthly existence, and the circle (standing for heaven or eternity).” Jack Tresidder, “Symbols and Their Meanings,” 154 Each pulpit similarly had initials identifying the priesthood officers who occupied that stand. The Pentagram is the most attacked symbol of Mormonism by the anti-Mormons. These all stand out on the stone boldly. This symbol has a lot of meaning, and that meaning varies depending on how it is used on a particular temple. 6:00 p.m. Six long chimes ring from a bell located within the Nauvoo Temple tower to signal the first of many dedicatory services for the newly rebuilt Nauvoo Temple. Some sources claim a private dedication on April 30, 1846 by Brigham Young. Nor were they symmetrical, being sixteen feet in diameter from East to West and seventeen feet in diameter from North to South. The room could accommodate up to 3,500 people. Soon afterwards, all evidence of the temple disappeared, except for a hand pump over a well that supplied water to the baptismal font. [9], The pulpits to the east, standing between the windows, were reserved for the Melchizedek Priesthood. The limestone used for the original temple was quarried from a site just west of the temple. This replica, based on the Smithsonian’s original, was hand carved by a master stonemason using the same type of Illinois limestone that was used for the original temple. Finally, the New York Home Missionary Society expressed interest in leasing the building as a school, but around midnight on October 8–9, 1848, the temple was set on fire by an unknown arsonist. Like Kirtland, the … They may have been part of a feature planned, but not used, in the final construction. When these parts of the building were completed they were used for performing ordinances (basement and attic) or for worship services (first floor assembly hall). [9], There were two rooms to the north just past the entrance. There is no general consensus among historians and even Wiccans and witches are not in full agreement. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}40°33′02″N 91°23′04″W / 40.5505°N 91.3844°W / 40.5505; -91.3844 When the attic was used for ordinance work, they were used as a pantry, wardrobe and storage rooms. Again, the next had P.T.Q., for President of the Teachers Quorum and on the table at the bottom was written P.D.Q., for President of the Deacons Quorum. Twelve oxen held up the basin, four on each side and two at each end. [9], Every visitor who wrote about the temple mentioned the baptismal font. A fitting symbol resting a top the highest pinacle of the Nauvoo Temple, where the Spirit of the Lord, even the Holy Ghost, rests down upon those assembled. Their eventual intended use is not clear. There were actually two fonts built during the lifetime of the temple, a temporary wooden one, and a permanent limestone one. The room was flanked on either side by seven large, arched windows, with four similar windows along the east wall. To early Church members, the sun breaking through clouds symbolized the dawning of the Restoration and the coming of gospel light to illuminate a dark earth. The West end of the temple was a flat roofed section that supported the tower. The basement of the Nauvoo Temple was used as the baptistry, containing a large baptismal font in the center of the main room. Both had classrooms and offices in the attic. Your purchase is secured by Epik. These were the only access points to the rest of the building. The floor sloped down to the center of the room to allow water to run toward a drain beneath the font. See Benson Whittle, “The Sunstones of Nauvoo: An Interpretive Account of the Temple Capitals,”, Lewis A. Ramsey’s Painting of the Angel Moroni. As mob violence increased during the summer of 1845, he encouraged the Latter Day Saints to complete the temple even as they prepared to abandon the city, so portions of it could be used for Latter Day Saint ordinance, such as baptisms for the dead in the basement font. This symbol has a lot of meaning, and that meaning varies depending on how it is used on a particular temple. . After a succession crisis, Brigham Young was sustained as the church's leader by the majority of Latter Day Saints in Nauvoo. The highest three pulpits bore the initials P.A.P., which stood for President of the Aaronic Priesthood. 4, page 4. Like Kirtland, the temple contained two assembly halls, one on the first floor and one on the second, called the lower and upper courts. It is often mistakenly thought that these stones represent the three degrees of glory in the Latter Day Saint conception of the afterlife, but the stones appear in the wrong order. We will examine some of them here and discuss the interpretation thereof. Mormon apologists are correct when they insist that Christians have used the pentagram or pe… [9], Second temple constructed by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, For the newer structure rebuilt on the same site, see. Sometimes the symbol may have multiple meanings on a given temple adding a rich depth of symbolism. The walls were painted white. I quarried and worked the last stone called the capstone.”6, The first sunstone was installed on September 23, 1844.7 The original sunstones were actually two pieces of stone. The sides of the rooms were stone and abutted the massive stone piers that supported the floors above. Between the observation deck and the belfry was a section containing the four clockwork mechanisms. It covers the miracles, sacrifice and visions connected with this On March 11, 1848, the LDS Church's agents sold the building to David T. LeBaron, for $5,000. Church leaders commissioned this painting from artist Lewis A. Ramsey in 1923 for the centennial of Moroni’s first visit to Joseph Smith. Once the first floor was finished with pulpits and benches, the building was finally dedicated in private services on April 30, 1846, and in public services on 1 May. Nauvoo, Illinois. On April 6, 1841, the temple's cornerstone was laid under the direction of Joseph Smith, the church founder and president; Sidney Rigdon gave the principal oration. The lowest section was the belfry. One report stated that on the east wall of the vestibule was an entablature, similar to the one in the facade, which read in bright gilded letters, "THE HOUSE OF THE LORD - Built by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints - Commenced April 6th, 1841 - HOLINESS TO THE LORD. It had seven large windows along the north and south wide, with four windows along the east wall. (Matthew B. Cabet, whose followers were called Icarians, hoped to establish Nauvoo as a communistic utopia.[5]. The rooms were dressing rooms for those using the font. The rest of the attic was a pitched-roof section running the length of the temple. On the Nauvoo Temple Known as the Morning Star in Rev 22:16 it is a symbol of Jesus Christ. Wandle Mace, Autobiography 207 (BYU Special Collections)). Nauvoo Temple Stone Symbols There are many symbols carved in stone on the exterior walls of the Nauvoo Temple. Below is an illustration from the Masonic book, The Craft and Its Symbols , p.75: (click to enlarge) Masonic symbols have been pictured and discussed in a number of books. standing for President of the Elders Quorum. [9], Rising from the plateau of the attic is an octagonal tower. Instead, Wandle Mace, foreman for the framework of the Nauvoo Temple, has explained that the design of the temple was meant to be "a representation of the Church, the Bride, the Lamb's wife". It was perhaps the first depiction of this sacred event in Church history by a trained artist, and for many years it was included in the large-print edition of the Book of Mormon. This symbol, as it appears on Mormon temples, takes two forms: one pointing up, and one down. This illustrated lecture takes as its subject a superficially documented and misunderstood feature of Mormon iconography, the pentagram. They may have held some type of support columns, dividing the font from the entrance to the basement, or they may simply have been a decorative element beneath a vase or something similar. The archways were approximately nine feet wide and twenty-one feet high. They had lamps for illumination at night, and had windows for daytime illumination. Notice the unique incorporation of the phases of the moon within the beautiful star window of the St. Louis Missouri Temple: Deciding when the inverted star actually came to be known as a symbol of evil can be confusing. However, Strang's charges were never proven. May 29, 2014 - ZionVision.com - Make an Offer if you want to buy this domain. 155.) Even though the exterior symbols on the pilasters of the Nauvoo Temple are the sun, moon, and stars it should be understood that they are not arranged in the sequence that is associated with the three degrees of glory (i.e., star on bottom = telestial kingdom; moon in the middle = terrestrial kingdom; sun on top = celestial kingdom). The new limestone font followed the pattern of the wooden one. [9], At the top of the two stairways, opening to a foyer, was the attic floor. which stood for President of the High priests Quorum, and the folding table had the inscription P.E.Q. A foyer, corresponding in size to the vestibule below, connected the two stairway landings. In February 1865, Nauvoo's City Council ordered the final demolition of the last standing portion of the temple—one lone corner of the façade. In 2000, the church began to build a temple on the original site with an exterior that is a replica of the first temple, but whose interior is laid out like a modern Latter-day Saint temple. Some say this happened around the time of the Inquisition, while others say it could have been as late as the 19th century. The area was illuminated by six windows along the foyer's west wall. Two large double doors on the east wall opened to the first floor assembly hall of the lower court, known as the "Great Hall". See Wandle Mace autobiography, typescript, 8–9, L. Tom Perry Special Collections, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah. The most perfect horn that could be found was used to model the animals' horns. [9], The second floor mezzanine is also presumed to have been divided into fourteen small rooms, seven rooms along each side of the North and South walls of the building, between the arched ceiling of the second floor. It included lamps for night illumination, and may have been carpeted near the attic landing. The Great Hall occupied the remainder of the floor space East of the vestibule. The Latter Day Saints made preparations to build a temple soon after establishing their headquarters at Nauvoo, Illinois, in 1839. In 2002, President Gordon B. Hinckley dedicated the rebuilt Nauvoo Temple. The building was damaged by fire and a tornado before being demolished. After Joseph Smith’s death, Brigham Young and other members of the Twelve performed temple sealings in Nauvoo and later in Salt Lake City. The Church of Satan (yeah, it’s a thing) copyrighted their version of the inverted pentagram as the official symbol of their church in 1983, almost 150 years after it appeared in Mormon architectu… They were not true circles but were flatted on four sides. [8] Cabet ordered the demolition of two more walls in the interests of public safety, leaving only the façade standing. "[9], The two stairwells were constructed of dressed limestone walls. Two railed stairways led to the font from the north and south sides. It is little wonder, then, that sunstones were featured prominently on the Nauvoo Temple. "[9], The pulpits to the West end were reserved for the Aaronic Priesthood. The basement with its font was finished, as were the first floor assembly hall and the attic. I have come to help to build that house,” pointing to the Nauvoo Temple.5, He records, “I worked and finished the first capital [sunstone] and part of eleven others. Like Kirtland, the Nauvoo Temple contained two assembly halls, one on the first floor and one on the second, called the lower and upper courts. Circular windows in the entablature of the building allowed for illumination. [9], The second floor hall was similar in construction to the Great Hall, except that it included the foyer area where the vestibule would be. The Nauvoo Temple was in use for less than three months. With few exceptions, the exterior of the temple followed the original design, including the 30 sunstones. During the winter of 1845–46, the temple began to be used for additional ordinances, including the Nauvoo-era endowment, sealings in marriage, and adoptions. B. H. Roberts, 2d … The next level down had P.S.Q for President of the Seventy Quorums. Approximately twelve feet east of the entrance to the baptistry and ten feet from either the side of the support piers rested the blocks, roughly fourteen inches square, which projected seven inches (178 mm) above the brick floor. It was composed of limestone on all four of its walls. I love the history of our Church and my pioneer ancestors. Unlike Kirtland, it had a full basement which housed a baptismal font. Where the oxen met the basin, the stone was carved to suggest drapery. One of the original sunstones from the Nauvoo Temple. One rose from Northwest corner and the other at the Southwest corner of the temple. . The attic was not built of limestone but of wood. There was a staircase in the second room from the Southeast corner leading to a room above, providing another access method to the attic. The top most pulpits read P.H.P., which stood for President of the High Priesthood. Parley P. Pratt’s hymn “The Morning Breaks” declares: The morning breaks, the shadows flee; Lo, Zion’s standard is unfurled! The room was discovered by an anti-Mormon mob who broke through the floor of the vestibule above. This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 01:26. These rooms may never have been completed, except perhaps some kind of partition dividing them. [9], At the east and west ends of the hall were two sets of similar pulpits. Learn about the art and artifacts available at the Church History Museum. Artisans from Pennsylvania, Indiana, and Ontario labored to replicate these iconic symbols of the restored gospel.9. 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