4. 153) (Volume I) by Eusebius and Kirsopp Lake | Jan 1, 1926. And one and another of them occasionally received in exchange, for their pious constancy, not only the loss of position, but death. 6. But he who preceded him, the most merciful and kindly emperor Constantius, passed all the time of his government in a manner worthy of his office. He is reported to have been the original author of the misery of the persecution, having endeavored, long before the movement of the other emperors, to turn from the faith the Christians in the army, and first of all those in his own house, degrading some from the military rank, and abusing others most shamefully, and threatening still others with death, and finally inciting his partners in the empire to the general persecution. And one could see the rulers in every church accorded the greatest favor by all officers and governors. 1. The translation in the present case is in the main accurate though somewhat free. H.J. 9. But Zenobius, who was a very skillful physician, died through severe tortures which were applied to his sides. And yet their mouths were restrained, I know not how, by a divine and incomprehensible power, and they ran back again to their place. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Eusebius: The Church History. And he went to such an excess of folly and drunkenness that his mind was deranged and crazed in his carousals; and he gave commands when intoxicated of which he repented afterward when sober. Some, raised on high by the feet, with their heads down, while a gentle fire burned beneath them, were suffocated by the smoke which arose from the burning wood, as was done in Mesopotamia. Indeed they esteemed them highly, and preferred them to their fellow-servants. For as soon as sentence was pronounced against the first, one after another rushed to the judgment seat, and confessed themselves Christians. EUSEBIUS PAMPHILI: ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY, BOOKS 6-10 | ROY J. DEFERRARI | download | Z-Library. For though he who had received power was seemingly aroused now as from a deep sleep, yet from the time after Decius and Valerian, he had been plotting secretly and without notice against the churches. A certain holy person,--in soul admirable for virtue, in body a woman, -- who was illustrious beyond all in Antioch for wealth and family and reputation, had brought up in the principles of religion her two daughters, who were now in the freshness and bloom of life. He who was first in honor and age perished through a long and most grievous physical infirmity. 10. Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Second Series. 5. Since great envy was excited on their account, every means was used to find them in their concealment; and when it was ascertained that they were away, they were summoned deceitfully to Antioch. Moreover, he conducted himself toward all most favorably and beneficently. Google Digital Humanities Awards Program provided support for entering this text. All ten books of Eusebius' famous church history are presented here complete in a superb and authoritative translation. Please help support the mission of New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download. 34. The last of these, with others, was made food for wild beasts at Emesa, and was thus received into the ranks of martyrs. He was the first whose decrees and statues and public monuments were destroyed because of his wickedness and impiety. 1. Now the correct date for the war of Cibalae was first propounded by P. Bruun in 1953,4 and five years later C. Habicht, when strengthening Bruun's arguments, adumbrated the consequences for Eusebius' Ecclesiastical History, though he Thereupon many of the soldiers were seen most cheerfully embracing private life, so that they might not deny their piety toward the Creator of the universe. Putnam's Press; Harvard University Press. We, also being on the spot ourselves, have observed large crowds in one day; some suffering decapitation, others torture by fire; so that the murderous sword was blunted, and becoming weak, was broken, and the very executioners grew weary and relieved each other. Once, on a small pretense, he gave the people to be slaughtered by his guards; and a great multitude of the Roman populace were slain in the midst of the city, with the spears and arms, not of Scythians and barbarians, but of their own fellow citizens. Ecclesiastical History, Volume I: Books 1-5: Bks.I-V v. 1 (Loeb Classical Library *CONTINS TO info@harvardup.co.uk) by Eusebius Eusebius and Kirsopp Lake | 1 Jul 1989 4.8 out of 5 stars 18 Our account will begin at this point. And the women were not less manly than the men in behalf of the teaching of the Divine Word, as they endured conflicts with the men, and bore away equal prizes of virtue. But it is not our place to describe the sad misfortunes which finally came upon them, as we do not think it proper, moreover, to record their divisions and unnatural conduct to each other before the persecution. These indeed should be admired. IX. Sometimes more than ten, at other times above twenty were put to death. Current location in this text. Those of them that were conspicuous in Palestine we know, as also those that were at Tyre in Phœnicia. Eusebius of Caesarea was a fourth-century Church Historian with his main work Ecclesiastical Church History. To mention each by name would be a long task, if not indeed impossible. 1. What was to be seen after this exceeds all description. During the entire ten years of the persecution, they were constantly plotting and warring against one another. 1926-1932. H.J. 2. He showed himself an emulator of his father's piety toward our doctrine. Home > Fathers of the Church > Church History (Eusebius) > Book V. Church History (Book V) ... Apollonius also, an ecclesiastical writer, undertook its refutation, and wrote a special work against it, correcting in detail the false prophecies current among them and reproving the life of … 5. And he not only practiced this against the obscure and unknown, but he insulted especially the most prominent and distinguished members of the Roman senate. 15. And at the marvelous endurance of these noble men in the face of all sorts of wild beasts? Lawlor. Dying immediately, she left her corpse to those who had come for her. Moreover, he conducted himself towards all most favorably and beneficently. Then the torturers, as commanded, lacerated with instruments their entire bodies; not only their sides, as in the case of murderers, but also their stomachs and knees and cheeks. The exact date of our author’s birth is unknown to us, but his Ecclesiastical History There also the Egyptian bishops, Peleus and Nilus, with others, suffered death by fire. vaguest information in regard to the progress of affairs at Nicomedia, and has no knowledge of the actual order and connection of events. Eusebius chronicles the events of the first three centuries of the Christian church in such a way as to record a vast number of vital facts about early Christianity that can be learned from no other ancient source. 5. 5. 2. Such things occurred in Nicomedia at the beginning of the persecution. Wherefore also being zealous for the greater gifts, the Christ-bearing martyrs endured all trials and all kinds of contrivances for torture; not once only, but some also a second time. But not long after, other decrees were issued, commanding that all the rulers of the churches in every place be first thrown into prison, and afterwards by every artifice be compelled to sacrifice. Immediately the deed followed the word. And regarding with indifference the terrible things and the multiform tortures, they declared themselves boldly and undauntedly for the religion of the God of the universe. 1. 6. Of those after them, the last, of whom we have spoken as the originator of the entire persecution, suffered such things as we have related. And to all jugglers, as if they were pious and beloved of the gods, he granted governments and the greatest privileges. From Eusebius: Ecclesiastical History, BOOK 8, Chapter 12 332 . 1. Many others, unable even to listen to the threats of violation from the heathen rulers, endured every form of tortures, and rackings, and deadly punishment. Enter a Perseus citation to go to another section or work. 3. While thus their authority was growing uninterruptedly, and increasing day by day, suddenly they changed their peaceful attitude toward us, and began an implacable war. Wrestling with so many evils, he thought of the cruelties which he had committed against the pious. For they drew the stoutest branches together with machines, and bound the limbs of the martyrs to them; and then, allowing the branches to assume their natural position, they tore asunder instantly the limbs of those for whom they contrived this. Among these we must mention Pamphilus, a presbyter, who was the great glory of the parish of Cæsarea, and among the men of our time most admirable. It is possible, as Mason suggests, that in the copies of the edict which were designed for other parts of the empire than his own the names of all four emperors appeared. 2. 1. Kirsopp Lake. 11. The favor shown our people by the rulers might be adduced as evidence; as they committed to them the government of provinces, and on account of the great friendship which they entertained toward their doctrine, released them from anxiety in regard to sacrificing. For when the commander, whoever he was, began to persecute the soldiers, separating into tribes and purging those who were enrolled in the army, giving them the choice either by obeying to receive the honor which belonged to them, or on the other hand to be deprived of it if they disobeyed the command, a great many soldiers of Christ's kingdom, without hesitation, instantly preferred the confession of him to the seeming glory and prosperity which they were enjoying. Putnam's Press; Harvard University Press. Another was punished with insupportable rackings and scrapings, in which some suffered a miserable death. 2. 4. From this last country many went into other cities and provinces, and became illustrious through martyrdom. 6. Then truly a great many rulers of the churches eagerly endured terrible sufferings, and furnished examples of noble conflicts. To crown all his wickedness, the tyrant resorted to magic. A great multitude of martyrs were added to him, a conflagration having broken out in those very days in the palace at Nicomedia, I know not how, which through a false suspicion was laid to our people. In fact, it must be acknowledged that the case against them is pretty strong.} In the mean time he whom we have mentioned as having resumed his dignity after his abdication, being detected in conspiring against the life of Constantine, perished by a most shameful death. As for the rulers of the Church that suffered martyrdom in the principal cities, the first martyr of the kingdom of Christ whom we shall mention among the monuments of the pious is Anthimus, bishop of the city of Nicomedia, who was beheaded. Your current position in the text is marked in blue. It would be impossible to recount the number of senators who were put to death for the sake of their wealth; multitudes being slain on various pretenses. At Nicomedia, in the presence of the emperor, he proclaimed the heavenly kingdom of Christ, first in an oral defense, and afterwards by deeds as well. It is reported that with a certain divine and indescribable eagerness men and women rushed into the fire. Others were bound face to face to pillars, not resting on their feet, but with the weight of their bodies bearing on their bonds and drawing them tightly. Keyboarding. 4. 2) many years afterwards referred to the fire as caused by lightning, which is clearly only a makeshift, for, as Burckhardt remarks, there could have been no doubt in that case how the fire originated. For some, with their hands bound behind them, were suspended on the stocks, and every member stretched by certain machines. 13. 8. For we might tell of many who showed admirable zeal for the religion of the God of the universe, not only from the beginning of the general persecution, but long before that time, while yet peace prevailed. But he held his purpose firmly, and victoriously gave up his life while the tortures were still going on. One only of those who were seized for adulterous purposes by the tyrant, a most distinguished and illustrious Christian woman in Alexandria, conquered the passionate and intemperate soul of Maximinus by most heroic firmness. Although they received the highest honors from their masters, and were treated by them as their own children, they esteemed reproaches and trials for religion, and the many forms of death that were invented against them, as, in truth, greater riches than the glory and luxury of this life. For it is said, 'He that sacrifices to other gods shall be utterly destroyed,' Exodus 22:20 and, 'You shall have no other gods before me.' Having before them all these examples and models and noble tokens which are given us in the Divine and Sacred Scriptures, the blessed martyrs who were with us did not hesitate, but directing the eye of the soul in sincerity toward the God over all, and having their mind set upon death for religion, they adhered firmly to their calling. For 'he counted it not a prize to be on an equality with God, but emptied himself taking the form of a servant; and being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself unto death, even the death of the cross.' Book I. All that pass by have plundered the multitude of the people; and he has become besides a reproach to his neighbors. ... Ecclesiastical Writers. Download books for free. All his subjects, people and rulers, honored and obscure, were worn out by grievous oppression. Especially since this extreme confusion of affairs did not cease until the Christians had obtained liberty. 2. Scarcely had he done this when the entire empire was divided; a thing which is not recorded as having ever occurred before. 2. Testimonies of the Ancients Against Eusebius. Others were mutilated by cutting off their noses and ears and hands, and cutting to pieces the other members and parts of their bodies, as in Alexandria. And new tortures were continually invented, as if they were endeavoring, by surpassing one another, to gain prizes in a contest. And they would not in the least touch the holy athletes, as they stood alone and naked and shook their hands at them to draw them toward themselves — for they were commanded to do this. For he could not pass through a city without continually corrupting women and ravishing virgins. Others were raised aloft, suspended from the porch by one hand, and endured the most terrible suffering of all, through the distension of their joints and limbs. But whenever they rushed at them, they were restrained as if by some divine power and retreated again. Video. A certain man was brought forward in the above-mentioned city, before the rulers of whom we have spoken. For though it was necessary that these things should take place, according to the divine judgment, yet the Word says, Woe to him through whom the offense comes. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. But in the tenth year, through the grace of God, it ceased altogether, having begun to decrease after the eighth year. Eusebius' Ecclesiastical History is one of the classics of early Christianity and of equal stature with the works of Flavius Josephus. 3. This persecution began with the brethren in the army. Such was the state of affairs during the entire persecution. 1 John 4:18. He therefore, being exceedingly imperious, seized the dignity for himself, and became Augustus, being made such by himself. Oulton. For they knew what had been declared before by the Sacred Scriptures. XXV. He was the kindest and mildest of emperors, and the only one of those of our day that passed all the time of his government in a manner worthy of his office. When therefore they were ordered to choose whether they would be released from molestation by touching the polluted sacrifice, and would receive from them the accursed freedom, or refusing to sacrifice, should be condemned to death, they did not hesitate, but went to death cheerfully. He ordered temples to be erected in every city, and the sacred groves which had been destroyed through lapse of time to be speedily restored. Such also was Phileas, bishop of the church of Thmuis, a man eminent on account of his patriotism and the services rendered by him to his country, and also on account of his philosophical learning. 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