Constantine the Younger, however, declared later that his father had intended to save Athanasius from his enemies by sending him away, and that before dying he had had the intention of restoring him. Eusebius of Nicomedia. The formula which was eventually adopted was resisted for some time by the Arian contingent, but eventually all the bishops signed, with the exception of the two Egyptians who had been excommunicated by Alexander. The pope consented on the grounds that in the case of one of the chief churches, such as Alexandria, it was right and customary that the matter should be referred to him. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1909. His brothers and all but two of his nephews were at once murdered, in order to simplify the succession, and the world was divided between his three sons. Tag Archives: Eusebius of Nicomedia Eusebius of Nicomedia. And when the Emperor, his thoughts poisoned in opposition to Athanasius by Eusebius of Nicomedia and others, ordered the Bishop of Alexandria to readmit Arius to the communion of that church, Athanasius refused. By 329, he was again in the good graces of the emperor. After thus reproaching Julius of ill usage, they promised, if he would accept the deposition of those whom they had deposed, and the appointment of those whom they had ordained, to grant him peace and communion, but if he withstood their decrees, they would refuse to do so. Extricating himself with difficulty from the assembly, he led away his Egyptians, and betook himself directly to Constantinople, where he accosted the emperor abruptly, and demanded justice. The Alexandrian Arians had now signed an ambiguous formula of submission, and Eusebius of Nicomedia wrote to Athanasius, asking him to reinstate them, adding a verbal message of threats. While not a confirmed Arian, Constantius fell under the intrigues of Eusebius, who played up to the emperor while favoring Arian policies. It remains a mystery how so many well-meaning bishops were deceived into condemning Athanasius. This claim of independence is a first sign of the breach which began with the foundation of Constantinople as New Rome, and which ended in the complete separation of that city and all its dependencies from Catholic communion. Athanasius, after addressing a protest to the whole Church against the methods of Eusebius, managed to escape with his life, and at once made his way to Rome to obey the pope's summons. Deputies came to complain of the violence at Alexandria. The pope consented on the grounds that in the case of one of the chief churches, such as Alexandria, it was right and customary that the matter should be referred to him. He had been having an animated controversy with Eusebius of Cæsarea, in which he had accused that learned person of polytheism, while Eusebius retorted with a charge of Sabellianism. He refused to await their judgement. Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of Mary.CONTACT US | ADVERTISE WITH NEW ADVENT. By the point Constantine devoted Nova Roma, the controversy was in full swing. As a result, several months after the council Constantine exiled Eusebius and Arius, Also, he sent Theognis, … And when the Emperor, his thoughts poisoned towards Athanasius by Eusebius of Nicomedia and others, ordered the Bishop of Alexandria to readmit Arius to the communion of that church, Athanasius refused. Eusebius of Nicomedia, d. ca 342. Constantine ostentatiously declared at the council went no further than the guardianship of the bishops, but Eusebius of Cæsarea makes it clear that he spoke on the theological question. Constantine was induced by Eusebius to write to Athanasius curtly … Three months after the council, the Emperor sent him like Arius into exile, together with Theognis, Bishop of Nicæa, accusing him of having been a supporter of Licinius, and of even having approved of his persecutions, as well as of having sent spies to watch himself. He had trained a group of prelates who continued his intrigues, and who followed the court from place to place throughout the reign of Constantius. He may really have believed Arian doctrine, but clearly his chief aim had ever been his own aggrandizement, and the humiliation of those who had humbled him at Nicæa. It is said he was also charged with immorality and heresy, but it is certain that the whole case was got up by the Eusebians. The Meletians then brought up a charge which did duty for many years, that he had ordered a priest named Macaarius to overturn an altar and break up a chalice belonging to a priest named Ischyras, in the Mareotis, though in fact Ischyras had never been a priest, and at the time alleged could not have been pretending to say Mass, for he was ill in bed. Having assembled at Antioch, they wrote an answer to Julius, elaborately worded and rhetorically composed, full of irony, and containing terrible threats. They reproached Julius with having communicated with Athanasius, and complained that this was an insult to their synod, and that their condemnation of him was made null; and they urged that this was unjust and contrary to ecclesiastical law. ; LOOFS IN HERZOG, .Realencycl. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion The leader of the Meletians John Arkaph, was similarly exiled. Regrettably, I can't reply to every letter, but I greatly appreciate your feedback — especially notifications about typographical errors and inappropriate ads. On 22 May, 337 Constantine the Great died at Nicomedia, after having been baptized by Eusebius, bishop of the place. In response to these letters, Alexander sent letters to many bishops warning them of the heresy taught by Arius and Eusebius. At Tyre he had refused to condemn Athanasius, and he presented a book to the emperor in which the Eusebians received harsh words. Athanasius brought some fifty bishops with him, but they had not been summoned, and were not allowed to sit with the rest. After Constantine defeated Licinius in 323, he turned his attention to the doctrinal dispute within the Church. The Arians, who were ready to disguise their doctrine to some extent, were therefore able to obtain from him a favor, which he denied to the few uncompromising Catholics who rejected his generalities. Chapman, J. Thus it was not Athanasius who appealed to the pope, but the Eusebians, and that simply as a means of withdrawing from an awkward predicament. But in public, Constantine said that he had put in force the decree of the Council of Tyre. More than eighty attended, and sent Julius a complete defense of their patriarch. Eusebius van Nicomedia priester uit Oude Rome (300-341) Eusebius von Nikomedia Bischof von Nikomedia und Patriarch von Konstantinopel. Eusebius continued to preach the Arian view after the council, to the displeasure of the emperor. Eusebius had stood apart from all these false accusations, and he was not disheartened by so many failures. Athanasius explained why he could not do this, and the emperor seems to have been satisfied. Please consider supporting OrthodoxWiki. The Catholic Encyclopedia. Pistus was not a success, and Constantius introduced by violence a certain Gregory, a Cappadocian, in his place. Regrettably, I can't reply to every letter, but I greatly appreciate your feedback — especially notifications about typographical errors and inappropriate ads. ); IDEM, Tracts theological and ecclesiastical (1874); HEFELE, History of the Councils. Chapman, John. Arius, after his condemnation by Alexander of Alexandria, took refuge at Caesarea and asked for and received support from Eusebius, whom Arius noted as a “fellow Lucianist.” Arius had also been a pupil of Lucian. Eusebius of Nicomedia, (died c. 342), an important 4th-century Eastern church bishop who was one of the key proponents of Arianism (the doctrine that Jesus Christ is not of the same substance as God) and who eventually became the leader of an Arian group called the Eusebians. His date and place of birth are not known. The Meletians then brought up a charge which did duty for many years, that he had ordered a priest named Macaarius to overturn an altar and break up a chalice belonging to a priest named Ischyras, in the Mareotis, though in fact Ischyras had never been a priest, and at the time alleged could not have been pretending to say Mass, for he was ill in bed. If Epiphanius is right in calling him an old man even before Nicæa he must now have reached a great age. Athanasius asserts that the final act at Jerusalem had been Eusebius's aim all along; all the accusations against himself had tended to get him out of the road in order that the rehabilitation of the Arians might be effected. This page was last edited on February 25, 2012, at 15:41. They admitted in this letter that Rome was always honored as the school of the Apostles, and the metropolis of the Faith from the beginning, although its teachers had settled in it form the East. But, Eusebius had never posed as an Arian, and in 341 he had a fresh, triumph in the great Dedication Synod of Antioch, where a large number of orthodox and conservative bishops ignored the Council of Nicæa, and showed themselves quite at one with the Eusebian party; though denying they were ever followers of Arius, who was not even a bishop! Eusebius of Nicomedia, BISHOP, place and date of birth unknown; d. 341. This article was transcribed for New Advent by C.A. Whether Eusebius believed fully in Arianism may be open to question, but clearly his politics were of self-aggrandizement as he used intrigues within the imperial court to gain the position of archbishop of the imperial capital. Eusebius now claimed to put the Synod of Tyre in force, and a rival bishop was set up in the person of Pistus, one of the Arian priests whom Alexander had long ago excommunicated. It was one of the most widespread and divisive heresies in the history of Christianity. . It was Eusebius who baptized Constantine in May 337. He says: Having assembled at Antioch, they wrote an answer to Julius, elaborately worded and rhetorically composed, full of irony, and containing terrible threats. The Meletian schism, in Egypt, had only been partially healed by the mild measures decreed at Nicæa, and the schismatics were giving trouble. Leave a reply. The Arians, who were ready to disguise their doctrine to some extent, were therefore able to obtain from him a favor, which he denied to the few uncompromising Catholics who rejected his generalities. He had succeeded. Eusebius then joined hands with the Meletians, and induced them to trump up charges against Athanasius. Leave a reply. While at the imperial court, Eusebius increased his popularity with the members of the imperial family. The Alexandrian Arians had now signed an ambiguous formula of submission, and Eusebius of Nicomedia wrote to Athanasius, asking him to reinstate them, adding a verbal message of threats. Eusebius of Nicomedia August 30, 2020 bahsenm Leave a comment. He refused to await their judgement. The campaign opened with a successful attack on Eustathius of Antioch, the principal prelate of the East properly so called. Eusebius of Nicomedia was among the bishops who signed the Nicene Creed, although he did not agree to the condemnation of Arius, whom Eusebius considered as having been misrepresented. Those whom he was able to get removed included his three major opponents at the Nicene Council: Eustathius of Antioch was deposed and exiled in 330, followed by Athanasius, who was exiled to Treves in 335, and Marcellus of Ancyra in 336. Arrangement was effected between them by which all the exiled bishops returned, and Athanasius came back to his flock. The great see of Alexandria was filled in 328 by the deacon Athanasius, who had taken a leading part in Nicæa. Julius wrote again, fixing the end of the year (339) as the term for their arrival. Chapman, John. APA citation. This article was transcribed for New Advent by C.A. Julius wrote again, fixing the end of the year (339) as the term for their arrival. In Nicomedia he was well favored by Licinius’ wife Constantia, who was the sister of Constantine. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/05623b.htm For they declared that the earlier Eastern bishops had made no objection when Novatian was driven out of the Roman Church. MLA citation. After thus reproaching Julius of ill usage, they promised, if he would accept the deposition of those whom they had deposed, and the appointment of those whom they had ordained, to grant him peace and communion, but if he withstood their decrees, they would refuse to do so. This was precisely what the followers of Arius had been making an … And when the Emperor, his thoughts poisoned towards Athanasius by Eusebius of Nicomedia and others, ordered the Bishop of Alexandria to readmit Arius to the communion of that church, Athanasius refused. But they wrote nothing to Julius concerning their acts, which were contrary to the decisions of the Council of Nicæa, saying that they many necessary reasons to allege in excuse, but that it was superfluous to make any defense against a vague and general suspicion that they had done wrong. Influence in the Imperial family as well as the Imperial court The banishment of Athanasius came after a series of synods and events largely attended and controlled by Arian prelates. They explained that Arius had repented on any excess in his words, or had been misunderstood. Meanwhile Eusebius had brought the bishops on to Jerusalem, where the deliberations were made joyous by the reception back into the Church of the followers off Arius. Transcription. ); IDEM, Tracts theological and ecclesiastical (1874); HEFELE, History of the Councils. He had succeeded. Though he had signed the creed, he had not agreed to the condemnation of Arius, who had been, so he said, misrepresented; and after the council he encouraged in their heresy some Arians whom Constantine had invited to Constantinople with a view to their conversion. Athanasius, after addressing a protest to the whole Church against the methods of Eusebius, managed to escape with his life, and at once made his way to Rome to obey the pope's summons. The Christian emperor began by comprising Arius and Alexander in common disapproval. Eusebius of Nicomedia. The see of Alexandria had remained vacant during the absence of Athanasius. (1570), 327-42; TILLEMONT(1699), VI; NEWMAN, The Arians of the Fourth Century(1833etc. (London 1900); DUCHESNE, Histoire ancienne de l'Église(Paris 1907), II; CHAPMAN, Athanasius and Pope Julius I, in Dublin Review(July 1905); E SCHWARTZ, Zur Geschichte des Athanasius in Göttinger Nachraichten (1905). Eusebius, of Nicomedia, Bishop of Nicomedia, d. 341. Instead of at once granting his communion to Pistus, Pope Julius sent the documents to Athanasius, in order that he might prepare a defense. He became Bishop of Berytus but managed to get a transfer to the See of Nicomedia, which was the residence of the Eastern Emperor Licinius. In 339, having strengthened his position with the emperor and through his intrigues at the court, Eusibius engineered his appointment as Archbishop of Constantinople by expelling Paul I of Constantinople. And when the Emperor, his thoughts poisoned in opposition to Athanasius by Eusebius of Nicomedia and others, ordered the Bishop of Alexandria to readmit Arius to the communion of that church, Athanasius refused. Small in stature, and young in years, he was at the head of a singularly united body of nearly a hundred bishops, and his energy and vivacity, his courage and determination marked him out as the one foe the Eusebians had to dread. He was bishop of Nicomedia (330–39) and patriarch of Constantinople (339–42); Eusebius was powerful because of his influence with Roman Emperor Constantine I and particularly with the emperor's son, Constantius II. Never himself an Arian, Constantius held orthodoxy to lie somewhere between Arianism and the Nicene faith. This was to be consummated at length at Constantinople, but the designs of man were frustrated by the hand of God. The group explained away Arius’ position by saying that Arius had overemphasized his words (for which Arius repented) or that he was misunderstood. The synods was tumultuous, and even the Count Dionysius, who had come with soldiers to support the Eusebians thought the proceedings unfair. He got the Meletians to demand a synod, and represented to Constantine that it would be right for peace to be obtained before the assembling of many bishops, at Jerusalem, to celebrate the dedication of the new Church of the Holy Sepulchre. . He lived finally in Constantinople from 338 up to his death. Christ. His work lived after him. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. Others explained that many Egyptian bishops had wished to come, but had been prevented and even beaten or imprisoned. They detained the legates until the fixed time had elapsed, and sent them back in January 340, with a letter full of studied and ironical politeness, of which Sozomen had preserved us the tenor. İzmitli Eusebius . He was later appointed the bishopric of Nicomedia around 317, which was about the same time that Licinius took up residence in the city. Ecclesiastical approbation. But the question of the broken chalice was not dropped and the Meletians further got hold of a bishop named Arsenius, whom they kept in hiding while they declared that Athanasius had put him to death; they carried about a severed hand, which they said was Arsenius's cut off by the patriarch for the purpose of magic. At the wish of the council the pope wrote a long letter to the Eusebians. By 329 he was in high favor with the emperor with whom he may have had some kind of a relationship, since Ammianus Marcellinus makes him a relative of Julian. Arius died suddenly under peculiarly humiliating conditions on the eve of the day appointed for his solemn restoration to Catholic communion in the Cathedral of New Rome. Arrangement was effected between them by which all the exiled bishops returned, and Athanasius came back to his flock. One triumph was yet wanting to Eusebius, the reconciliation of Arius, his friend. Chapman, J. Eusebius died, full of years and honors, probably soon after the council; At all events he was dead before that of Sardica. He was a pupil, at Antioch, of Lucian the Martyr, in whose famous school he learned his Arian doctrines. Eusebius of Nicomedia was among the bishops who signed the Nicene Creed, although he did not agree to the condemnation of Arius, whom Eusebius considered as having been misrepresented. But they wrote nothing to Julius concerning their acts, which were contrary to the decisions of the Council of Nicæa, saying that they many necessary reasons to allege in excuse, but that it was superfluous to make any defense against a vague and general suspicion that they had done wrong. +John M. Farley, Archbishop of New York. Eusebius of Nicomedia died 341 was an Arian priest, the man who baptised Constantine a Great.He was a bishop of Berytus modern-day Beirut in Phoenicia.He was later brought the bishop of Nicomedia, where the Imperial court resided.He lived finally in Constantinople from 338 up to his death.. H.E. He appeared to have been distantly related to the family of Emperor Constantine. The Roman council met in the autumn of 340. As the bishop of the eastern imperial city, Eusebius enjoyed a certain degree of prestige. The campaign opened with a successful attack on Eustathius of Antioch, the principal prelate of the East properly so called. He was convicted, not without grounds, of Sabellianizing, and took refuge in Rome. If Epiphanius is right in calling him an old man even before Nicæa he must now have reached a great age. It is said he was also charged with immorality and heresy, but it is certain that the whole case was got up by the Eusebians. (Edinburgh, 1876), II; REYNOLDS in Dict. Eusebius also formed alliances with other kindred groups, such as the Meletians, and worked to expel many of his opponents. Transcription. Noté /5. Eusebius of Nicomedia By the point Constantine devoted Nova Roma, the controversy was in full swing. They were the leaders of a much larger party of conservative prelates, who wished to stand well with the emperor, who reverenced the martyr Lucian and the great Origen, and were seriously alarmed at any danger of Sabellianism. This was precisely what the followers of Arius had been making an … The Eusebians were not represented, but many Easterns, their victims, who had taken refuge at Rome, were there from Thrace, Cœls-Syria, Phœnicia and Palestine, besides Athanasius and Marcellus. In the case of the Donatists, he had obtained a decision from a "general" council, at Arles of all the bishops of his then dominions. And when the Emperor, his thoughts poisoned towards Athanasius by Eusebius of Nicomedia and others, ordered the Bishop of Alexandria to readmit Arius to the communion of that church, Athanasius refused. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/05623b.htm. Remy Lafort, Censor. The Catholic Encyclopedia. The emperor was enraged. Eustathius was deposed and exiled, for alleged disrespectful expressions about the emperor's mother, St. Helena, who was greatly devoted to the memory of St. Lucian. Nihil Obstat. The Eusebians were the first to try to get Rome and the West on their side. Please help support the mission of New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download. For they declared that the earlier Eastern bishops had made no objection when Novatian was driven out of the Roman Church. His work lived after him. And when the Emperor, his thoughts poisoned in opposition to Athanasius by Eusebius of Nicomedia and others, ordered the Bishop of Alexandria to readmit Arius to the communion of that church, Athanasius refused. It was also said the Athanasius had assisted a certain Philumenus to conspire against the emperor, and had given him a bag of gold. He may really have believed Arian doctrine, but clearly his chief aim had ever been his own aggrandizement, and the humiliation of those who had humbled him at Nicæa. iii. Vol. He was the tutor of Julian the Apostate, who was emperor for two years after Constantius II. His accusers took good care not to appear. Instead of at once granting his communion to Pistus, Pope Julius sent the documents to Athanasius, in order that he might prepare a defense. 12), and is to be distinguished from the arch-Arian Aetius, Julian's friend, who survived till a.d. … . Montgomery. Pistus was not a success, and Constantius introduced by violence a certain Gregory, a Cappadocian, in his place. This was exactly what the … Christ. It is said that it was Constantia, the widow of Licinius, who induced Constantine to recall Arius, and it is probable that she was also the cause of the return of her old friend Eusebius. In it the heretic explains his views clearly enough, and appeals to his correspondent as to a "fellow Lucianist". Biog. Extricating himself with difficulty from the assembly, he led away his Egyptians, and betook himself directly to Constantinople, where he accosted the emperor abruptly, and demanded justice. Constantine tried to achieve an understanding between the parties but found this not possible. He now summoned a larger council, from around the world of which his victorious arms had made him master. He had trained a group of prelates who continued his intrigues, and who followed the court from place to place throughout the reign of Constantius. The situation changed when Constantine had conquered Licinius in 323. Though he had signed the creed, he had not agreed to the condemnation of Arius, who had been, so he said, misrepresented; and after the council he encouraged in their heresy some Arians whom Constantine had invited to Constantinople with a view to their conversion. They admitted in this letter that Rome was always honored as the school of the Apostles, and the metropolis of the Faith from the beginning, although its teachers had settled in it form the East. Athanasius explained why he could not do this, and the emperor seems to have been satisfied. Eusebius died, full of years and honors, probably soon after the council; At all events he was dead before that of Sardica. May 1, 1909. He was a pupil at Antioch of Lucian the Martyr, in whose famous school he learned his Arian doctrines. The emperor was enraged. Eusebius had stood apart from all these false accusations, and he was not disheartened by so many failures. Then, following the example of the “general” council at Arles that met to settle the case of the Donatists, Constantine summoned a council of the bishops from all his dominions to settle the dispute over Arianism. Constantinople depended for its food upon the corn from Egypt. He later became Bishop of Nicomedia before finally becoming Archbishop of Constantinople. The baptism occurred only a few days before Constantine died on May 22, 337. Constantine the Younger, however, declared later that his father had intended to save Athanasius from his enemies by sending him away, and that before dying he had had the intention of restoring him. (1570), 327-42; TILLEMONT(1699), VI; NEWMAN, The Arians of the Fourth Century(1833etc. Athanasius brought some fifty bishops with him, but they had not been summoned, and were not allowed to sit with the rest. Eusebius wanted him no further, and hence did not care to protect him. A deputation was sent to Mareotis to inquire into the question of Ischyras and the chalice, and the chief enemies of Athanasius were chosen for the purpose. Eusebius of Nicomedia (yo͞osē`bēəs, nĭkōmē`dēə), d. 342, Christian churchman and theologian, leader of the heresy of Arianism Arianism, Christian heresy founded by Arius in the 4th cent. He died at the top of his world in 341. They detained the legates until the fixed time had elapsed, and sent them back in January 340, with a letter full of studied and ironical politeness, of which Sozomen had preserved us the tenor. Nihil Obstat. By the point Constantine devoted Nova Roma, the controversy was in full swing. This was in 335. He was originally appointed bishop in the see of Berytus (Beirut) in Phoenicia. "Eusebius of Nicomedia." Athanasius induced Ischyras to sign a document denying the former charge, and managed to discover the whereabouts of Arsenius. At the wish of the council the pope wrote a long letter to the Eusebians. Of these the best known are Paul of Constantinople, Aselepas of Gaza, and Marcellus Metropolitan of Ancyra. 5. From this time onward we find Eusebius at the head of a small and compact party called, by St. Athanasius, the Eusebians peri ton Eusebion, whose object it was to undo the work of Nicæa, and to procure the complete victory of Arianism. This is pure Arianism, borrowed from the letters of Arius himself, and possibly more definite than the doctrine of St. Lucian. The letter is preserved. At his suggestion, the Coucil of Tyre was ordered to come before the emperor. The saint returned to his Church with a letter from Constantine, in which the emperor sermonized the Alexandrians after his wont, urging them to peace and unity. And when the Emperor, his mind poisoned against Athanasius by Eusebius of Nicomedia and others, ordered the Bishop of Alexandria to readmit Arius to the communion of that church, Athanasius refused. The editor of New Advent is Kevin Knight. Remy Lafort, Censor. The Eusebians were not represented, but many Easterns, their victims, who had taken refuge at Rome, were there from Thrace, Cœls-Syria, Phœnicia and Palestine, besides Athanasius and Marcellus. Athanasius induced Ischyras to sign a document denying the former charge, and managed to discover the whereabouts of Arsenius. They dropped the Nicene formulæ as ambiguous. Tr. These attempts were orchestrated by Eusebius to discredit Athanasius and return Arians to positions of authority in the church, but were largely unsuccessful. Archevêque de Constantinople : installée: 339: mandat a pris fin: 341: Détails personnels ; Dénomination: christianisme arien: À ne pas confondre avec Eusèbe de Césarée. Eusebius of Nicomedia. Constantius, who was now Lord of all the East, was but twenty years old. MLA citation. It met at Nicæa in 325. They explained that Eusèbe de Nicomédie - Eusebius of Nicomedia. Claiming it ambiguous, they dropped use of the Nicene formula and played on the goodwill of bishops who wanted to stay in Constantine’s good graces. Gregorius succeeded Eusebius of Nicomedia at Berytus (Beyrout), on the translation of the latter to Nicomedia. He was later made the see of Nicomedia, where the imperial court resided. At the council Eusebius and his friends put forward an Arian confession of faith. Eusebius put himself at the head of the party, and wrote many letters in support of Arius. More than this, it may be said that the world suffers to this day from the evil wrought by this worldly bishop. It was also said the Athanasius had assisted a certain Philumenus to conspire against the emperor, and had given him a bag of gold. Eusebius of Nicomedia. Constantius, who was now Lord of all the East, was but twenty years old. Eusebius of Nicomedia had bad luck. By the time Constantine dedicated Nova Roma, the controversy was in full swing. They explained that Arius had repented on any excess in his words, or had been misunderstood. Thus it was not Athanasius who appealed to the pope, but the Eusebians, and that simply as a means of withdrawing from an awkward predicament. One is preserved, addressed to Paulinius, Bishop of Tyre. Marcellus had been their active enemy at Nicæa. Montgomery. On 22 May, 337 Constantine the Great died at Nicomedia, after having been baptized by Eusebius, bishop of the place. One triumph was yet wanting to Eusebius, the reconciliation of Arius, his friend. Little is known of the early life of Eusebius. Eusebius of Nicomedia. More than this, it may be said that the world suffers to this day from the evil wrought by this worldly bishop. The traditional belief that Rome had been schooled by the Apostles, and had always been the metropolis of the Faith is interesting in the mouths of those who were denying his right to interfere in the East, in a matter of jurisdiction; for it is to be remembered that neither then, or at any time, was Athanasius accused of heresy. But the question of the broken chalice was not dropped and the Meletians further got hold of a bishop named Arsenius, whom they kept in hiding while they declared that Athanasius had put him to death; they carried about a severed hand, which they said was Arsenius's cut off by the patriarch for the purpose of magic.

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