But in antiquity, translation was considered a kind of paraphrase, leaving great liberty to the translator, while an absolutely literal translation was inconceivable. Rufinus intended this history to be a continuation of Eusebius' narrative, which covered the principle events of the Church from Christ's ascension to Constantine's victory over Maxentius in 312 AD at Milvian Bridge. Up to 90% off Textbooks at Amazon Canada. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. m. simonetti (Corpus Christianorum 20; 1961), with bibliog; Die griechischen christlichen Schriftsteller der ersten drei Jahrhunderte 42, 51 (1953–), Pseudo Clementines; A Commentary on the Apostles' Creed, ed. 1. In particular he held that the soul of Christ served as mediator between the Logos and His human body and conceived of Christ's redemptive action as a deception of the devil who had destroyed Christ's body, believing thus to be able to conquer him, but who was himself conquered through this action by the divinity of the Savior. Jerome joined him and a group of ascetics in Aquileia under the guidance of the bishop until 372, when the circle dispersed for some unknown reason. The Church History of Rufinus of Aquileia: Books 10 and 11. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. ." Rufinus of Aquileia, also called Tyrannius Rufinus (346-411) was a theologian and a writer. The Church History of Rufinus of Aquileia: Books 10 and 11 Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. A translator rather than an original writer, Rufinus apparently began his literary career with his defense of the orthodoxy of Origen in De adulteratione librorum Origenis, adding as an appendix a translation of the Apologia of Pamphilus. The discord between the men continued during the next year, abated by 397, and then flared soon afterward into a bitter quarrel when Rufinus published in Rome a translation of Origen’s De principiis (“On First Principles”) and wrote a preface representing Jerome to be an admirer of Origen. He returned to Aquileia (c. 369), became a catechumen under the direction of Chromatius, future bishop of Aquileia, and was baptized c. 370 (Apol. For many years he lived in monasteries in Egypt and in Palestine, acquiring the learning of the Eastern churches. Rufinus Tyrannius, Aquileiensis, 345 (ca.) In an apparent recognition of this writing, Pope Anastasius wrote to Bp. Contributors from initial SNAC EAC-CPF ingest. 2.15). Tyrannius Rufinus was born c. 345 in Aquileia. The church history of Rufinus of Aquileia, books 10 and 11 by Rufinus of Aquileia, unknown edition, Name Components Corrections? (b. Rome [? Rufinus of Aquileia on the Canon. In 393 epiphanius of sala mis sent an emissary named Atarbius to Palestine to induce the bishops to condemn Origenism. The best sign of the usefulness of these translations is furnished by the popularity that they enjoyed in the Middle Ages. Thereafter, Rufinus was subjected to merciless abuse from Jerome. - Volume 68 Issue 1 - … At a moment when knowledge of Greek was becoming rare in the West, the translations of Rufinus as well as those of Jerome had the great merit of familiarizing the Latins with certain great works of Greek Christianity, which would otherwise have remained unknown to them. translation of scientific and philosophical works from Ara…, Theodore of Mopsuestia In the summer of 397 A.D. he returned to the west, after some 25 years spent in Alexandria and Jerusalem. Rufinus (3), Tyrannius, of Aquileia, the translator of Origen and Eusebius, the friend of Jerome and afterwards his adversary; a Latin ecclesiastical writer of some merit, and highly esteemed in his own time; born c. 345 at Concordia in N. Italy; baptized at Aquileia c. 371; lived in Egypt some 8 years and in Palestine about 18 (371–397); ordained at Jerusalem c. 390; in Italy, mostly at Aquileia, … Among his original works is a continuation of Eusebius's Ecclesiastical History, covering events between 324 and 395; Rufinus's continuation was weak in information and system but was used widely by later historians. mathematics, astronomy. j. n. d. kelly (Ancient Christian Writers 20; 1955); Apologia, ed. 340. Rufinus picks up his during the Council of Nicea in 325 AD and carries it all the way to 395 with the death of Theodosius the Great. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Rufinus of Aquileia (c. 345-411 A.D.) is one of the most important Latin translators of Greek texts in Late Antiquity. Of other authors, Rufinus translated the dialogue De recta in Deum fide, which he thought had been written by Origen (c. 400); book 1 of the Apologia of Pamphilus for Origen (398); the Sententiae of the Pythagorean Sextus, whom he confounded with Pope Sixtus II (400); the Pseudo-Clementine Homilies and Recognitiones (406); two rules of Basil of Caesarea and eight of his homilies (397–400); nine homilies of Gregory Nazianzus (399–400); the Historia monachorum (404), which for a long time was considered on original work by Rufinus; and, finally, the Ecclesiastical History of Eusebius in nine books (402–403). m. simonetti, Rivista di cultura classica e medinevale 4 (1962) 3–44, benedictions; "Note rufiniane," ibid. Encyclopedia.com. j. p. migne, 217 v. (Paris 1878–90) v. 21; Opera omnia, ed. Writings. m. villain, Nouvelle revue théologique 64 (1937) 5–33, 139–161, monk and student; Revue des sciences religieuses 32 (1944) 129–156, creed; 33 (1946) 164–210, Church history. 3.33; Epist. contra Hier. From September 394 to early January 395, seven monks from Rufinus of Aquileia's monastery on the Mount of Olives made a pilgrimage to Egypt to visit locally renowned monks and monastic communities. . Rufinus of Aquileia : Historia Ecclesiastica, Book 10, ch.1-6. AmidonS.J., New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. xx + 132 pp. He became a disciple of Didymus of Alexandria, and John of Jerusalem ordained Rufinus in 390. Life. Iohannis Wrobelii copiis vsvs edidit et prolegomena indicesqve adiecit Avgvstvs Engelbrecht. New Catholic Encyclopedia. 2.9.5), but jerome named him Tyrannius (Contra Ruf. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. In his typology he referred each Biblical passage to a happening in the life of Christ or the primitive Church; and in his moral exegesis he saw in each Biblical passage the war in the soul between good and bad. 1959); Journal of Theological Studies 10 (1959) 10–42. ad Joh. Among the foremost of medieval English translators and natu…, The effect of the philosophical and scientific teachings of aristotle upon subsequent intellectual history through the transmission of his writings,…, Ruffo, Titta (real name, Ruffo Cafiero Titta), Rugeley's Mills (Clermont), South Carolina, https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/rufinus-aquileia, James of Venice also known as Iacobus Veneticus Grecus. Books 1-9 comprise a Latin translation of Eusebius' history. Bishop, leading exponent of the Antiochene School of exegesis and theology; b. Antioch, c. 350; d. Mopsuestia, 428. On his background, the standard work remains F. X. Mur- phy, Rufinus of Aquileia (345–411): His Life and Works (Washington, DC: Catho- lic University of America Press, 1945); convenient summaries may be found in P. R. Amidon (trans. (b. Bath. Jerome said he had praised Origen only a few times for his scriptural exegesis and not for his doctrine. Faithful to the Origenian canon, Rufinus gave a threefold explanation of each benediction: the literal, the typological, and the moral or psychological. His attitude resulted in enmity between himself and both John of Jerusalem and Rufinus, and this quarrel was enlarged by a visit of Epiphanius. Boethius, Anicius Manlius Severinus y una gran selección de libros, arte y artículos de colección disponible en Iberlibro.com. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Quarrel over Origen. h. hope, Studi … P. Ubaldi (Milan 1937) 133–150, tr. It has a long and well-documented history—the longest of any Indo-European language—spanning 34 centuries. Britannica now has a site just for parents! 2.15, 38). 49). (Rufinus of Aquileia, 345-411) p. 1 (Tyrannius Rufinus, b. about 345) p. 235 (d. 410) There is an Ancient phase, subdivided into a Mycenaean period (texts in syllabic script attested from the 14th to the 13th…. He settled in Alexandria for six years, and after an interval, for two years more; during this time he studied the Scriptures and the works of Origen under didymus the blind and gregory of nazianzus and visited the desert fathers, such as Macarius, Isidore, and Pambo (Jer., Epist. Done. (b. Cremona, Italy, ca. Adelard of Bath Life,…, Gerard of Cremona ." In the early 390s Rufinus and Jerome became involved in a controversy over Origen’s teachings, by this time suspected by orthodox theologians of injecting heretical elements into theology. Jerome was informed of this preface before the work itself was published and wrote a private letter of protest to Rufinus (Epist. Greek language, Indo-European language spoken primarily in Greece. He sustained the thesis that the unacceptable doctrinal passages in Origen were interpolations introduced by Origen's adversaries or by heretics. : Libros en idiomas extranjeros GERARD OF CREMONA As the first Latin church history, this work exerted great influence over the subsequent scholarship of the Western Church. Tyrannius Rufinus, (born c. 345, Concordia, near Aquileia, Italy—died 410/411, Sicily, possibly at Messina), Roman priest, writer, theologian, and translator of Greek theological works into Latin at a time when knowledge of Greek was declining in the West. John of Jerusalem expressing disdain for Rufinus (Epist. However, the date of retrieval is often important. In 381 he was in Jerusalem where he founded a monastery on the Mount of Olives in association with Melania the Elder, was ordained a priest by Bishop John, and entered amicable relations with Jerome and Paula, who had settled at Bethlehem c. 386 (Apol. But the friendship took a bad turn and became bitter when they quarreled over the doctrines of Origen. In 407 he fled to Rome before the Gothic invasions, then to the monastery of Pinetum (Terracina), and finally, with melania the younger and Pinian, to Sicily, where he died in 410. Encyclopedia.com. 12 Jan. 2021 . Rufinus Tyrannius, the scholarly bishop of Aquiliea, was an assiduous translator of Greek works into Latin, and a major influence in the Early Church. https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/rufinus-aquileia, "Rufinus of Aquileia In his preface he claimed he was following the example and procedure of Jerome, who had translated some of Origen's homilies (Pref. Later, acceding to the counsel of Bp. Jerome and Origen. Rufinus of Aquileia. Retrieved January 12, 2021 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/rufinus-aquileia. Fourth-century monk, translator, and ecclesiastical writer; b. Concordia, near Aquileia, 345; d. Messina, Sicily, 410. sidonius apollinaris called him Turranius Rufinus (Epist. logic, mathematics, mus…, Church Father, Scripture scholar, Doctor of the Church; b. Stridon, extreme (modern) northeast Italy, c. 345; d. Bethlehem, Palestine, 419–420. Omissions? He sent an Apologia to Pope Anastasius and replied to Jerome's attacks with his Apologia contra Hieronymum. 17). Shortly after their return to Jerusalem, one of the party, whose identity remains a mystery, wrote an engaging account of this trip. He studied in Rome, where he met Jerome, who encouraged him to become a monk. After study at Rome, where he met Jerome (later a saint and one of the doctors of the Western Church), Rufinus entered a monastery at Aquileia. He translated the Periarchon in 398; four books of the Commentary on the Canticle of Canticles in 410; ten books of the commentary on Romans (c. 404); 16 homilies on Genesis, 13 on Exodus, 16 on Leviticus, 26 on Joshua, nine on Judges (403–404); 28 on Numbers (410); and nine on Psalms 36, 37, 38 (398). History of the Egyptian Monks (Historia Monachorum in Aegypto) - De Vitis Patrum, Book II By Rufinus of Aquileia The church history of Rufinus of Aquileia, books 10 and 11 by Rufinus of Aquileia, 1997, Oxford University Press edition, in English Rufinus left for Egypt, met melania the elder, and suffered in the persecution that followed the death of atha nasius (May 373). h. chadwick, ed., The Sentences of Sextus (Cambridge, Eng. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). 1.1 (1914) 1193–96. The Creed of Aquileia. In 371, Rufinus travelled to Egypt to live in the Nitrian desert. 2.15, 38). The date is probably 401, since in the Preface Rufinus says that he had been requested to translate Eusebius at the time when Alaric was invading Italy. In several parts of his Apologia Rufinus extended his polemic to an attack on the person of Jerome, accusing him of having translated the Scriptures directly from the Hebrew texts and of continuing to teach the pagan authors despite his promise several years earlier (Jer., Epist. He visited Egypt and Palestine (371-378). Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. The work was based on similar treatises by cyril of jerusalem and gregory of nyssa and betrays ideas derived from Origen. Credo in Deo Patre omnipotenti invisibili et impassibili (I believe in God the Father Almighty, invisible and impassible) Several works were falsely attributed to Rufinus; among them, a commentary on 75 Psalms of David, which is actually a medieval composition; commentaries on Osee, Joel, and Amos, which are works of julian of eclanum; a Liber de fide, probably by Rufinus the Syrian; and a Libellus de fide, a life of St. Eugenia, and Dicta de fide. The Apostles' Creed. The Church History of Rufinus of Aquileia, Books 10 and 11: Bks.10 & 11: Amazon.es: Rufinus of Aquilea, Philip R. Amidon S.J. Besides, in his translation he had tried to eliminate everything that might be considered contrary to the faith. 2.9.5), but jerome named him Tyrannius (Contra Ruf. m. simoneti (Alba 1957). He spent the last decade of his life in literary activities, particularly in translating Greek ecclesiastical works into Latin. In 397, on the intervention of theophilus of alexandria, a kind of truce was arranged (Jerome, Contra Ruf. contra Hier. His own writings include a commentary on the Apostles’ Creed that exemplified contemporary catechetical instruction and provided the earliest continuous Latin text of the creed. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Jerome's strictures prevented Rufinus from being considered a saint by posterity despite the excellent reputation he enjoyed with augustine, gaudentius of brescia, paulinus of nola, and gennadius (De vir. (January 12, 2021). In Rome he was asked by a monk named Marcarius to translate the first book of the Apolog ia written by pamphilus for Origen and Origen's De principiis. ID:DA00970710. Books 10 and 11 are Rufinus' own continuation, covering the period 325-395. 1116–1142) Tyrannius Rufinus, (born c. 345, Concordia, near Aquileia, Italy—died 410/411, Sicily, possibly at Messina), Roman priest, writer, theologian, and translator of Greek theological works into Latin at a time when knowledge of Greek was declining in the West. 1.1), obviously utilizing Acts 19.9 in a pejorative sense, just as Rufinus referred to Jerome's Hebrew teacher, Rabbi Bar-anina, as Barabbas (Apol. After a brief profession of faith in the Trinity, Rufinus stated his belief in the resurrection of the dead and the final judgment, which were crucial arguments in the Origenistic controversy. Periarchon ). Through his efforts, the West was furnished with some of the greater works of Greek speaking ecclesiastics, such as the intelligent and infamous Origen's "First Principles" and the Semi-Arian bishop Eusebius of Caesarea's ground-breaking "Ecclesiastical History." 84). Hier. Rufinus of Aquileia's History of the Church, published in 402 or 403, is a translation and continuation of that of Eusebius of Caesarea. Media in category "Rufinus of Aquileia" This category contains only the following file. 81 ), but Jerome's friends in Italy did not give it to Rufinus. ], ca. As for the origin of the soul, he submitted that the learned were still uncertain. Jerome named him Tyrannius ( Contra Ruf Repository ; creatorOf: Eusebius, of Caesarea, Bishop Caesarea. 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